Theme 1 – Water, Sanitation and Health for All
Session 1.1 – Water, Sanitation and Health for All in Peri-Urban Areas
The so-called peri-urban areas increasingly occupy the spaces of large cities, especially metropolises, located between concentrated urban areas, with continuous roads and buildings, and the urban boundary of the municipality. They are spaces marked by the expectation of development, which takes place based on new demands, and which are often on the margins of studies that contemplate the urban space, as well as those that involve rural spaces.
The growth of these areas – normally with low density and occupation both by households and also by other types of facilities – express a strong convergence of interests, processes and socioeconomic, territorial and environmental conflicts, which burden the expenses with the necessary expansion of infrastructure, especially those that provide water supply, sanitation and health for all.
It is necessary to strengthen the planning and create its own guidelines, with legal, institutional, economic and technical bases, capable of providing the adequate treatment of these áreas
- Teófilo Monteiro – Fiocruz
- Mercedes Zevallos – Connación/Peru
- Alceu Guerios Bittencourt – Cobrape
- Esther Shaylor – UNICEF
- Coordenadores: Ernani Ciríaco de Miranda e Keyla Nunes da Silva
- Moderador: Ernani Ciríaco de Miranda
Session 1.2 – Rural and Isolated Communities
Much has been said about rural sanitation and access by isolated communities to water supply and sewage collection and treatment services, as a challenge in the search for “Water, Sanitation and Health for all by 2030” -ODS 6.
In this session we will discuss the situation of the sector and the strategies used to face crises, such as Pandemia COVID 19, at a time when WASHING HANDS is the motto for fighting the virus.
Policies in progress and new initiatives will be presented, through the determination and commitment of governments and different partners, to implement actions and to monitor the improvements perceived in the health and well-being of the population in rural areas and isolated communities.
The general proposals for the success of the actions will be discussed:
Planning, service standard, operational management; financial efficiency; social mobilization, training, among others.
- Cesarina Quintana – SWA – Sanitation and Water for All hosted by BID –
- Juliana Garrido – BIRD – Word Bank
- Helder Cortez – SISAR
- Telma Rocha – AVINA
- Coordenadora e moderadora: Mônica Bicalho – Câmara Temática de Saneamento Rural da ABES
Session 1.3 – Non regular areas inside big cities
This session focuses on solutions for Non-Regular (non-formalised) areas inside cities and metropolitans. In developed countries, the rate of urbanization is higher than what was experienced in developing countries. As a result, developing countries are characterized by ever-expanding Non-Regular areas. These areas are characterized by mainly poor households, high densities and the lack of existing basic services infrastructure due to the lack of formalized housing arrangements. The provision of basic services, including water and sanitation, is challenging under such conditions. Conventional reticulated water and sanitation technologies usually requires excavation. The unregulated nature of these settlements makes this task challenging to undertake. To address this developing world challenge, innovative ways are required to deliver basic water and sanitation services. This session will highlight innovative ways in which this was achieved around the world. By doing so, it will assist in understanding the role that innovation can play in resolving such challenges and diffuse best practice learnings which could be adapted for local contexts.
- Sudhir Pillay – Water Research Commission
- Eduardo Pelaez Ortiz – EPM
- Marina de Castro Rodrigues – AEGEA
- Juliana Almeida Dutra – DEEP
- Coordenador: Sudhir Pillay – Water Research Commission
- Moderadora: Juliana Almeida Dutra – DEEP
Session 1.4 – Experimental and Pilot Solutions versus Systematics Solutions…
Theme 2 – Planning and Regulation
Session 2.1 – Regulatory Asset Base of water and sanitation utilities: the regulatory treatment of PPPs, performance contracts and traditional works/services contracts
The Regulatory Asset Base (RAB), also known as the Regulatory Remuneration Base (RRB), constitutes a relevant part of the tariffs for water and sanitation utilities. Corresponds to the amount of prudent investments made by service providers operating under an efficiency regime, which are recognized by the regulator for purposes of composing the tariff base after periodic audit and inspection, consolidated in the tariff reviews.
The main approaches used in regulation to determine the value of RAB in Tariff Reviews are: i) financial: which seeks to maintain fair remuneration for the business; ii) physical: which makes the valuation of the assets from the technical cost, whose references are the values necessary for the acquisition and replacement of the assets; and iii) composed of hybrid methodologies from the first two.
Regulatory bodies must ensure a stable, reliable environment and a long-term framework for attracting investments in water and sanitation, in line with the planning established in the municipal plans and contracts.
This session aims to foster discussions about the best practices around the formation of the regulatory asset base, considering the different types of procurement available, such as public-private partnerships (PPPs), performance contracts and also traditional works / services contracts. Topics such as eligibility criteria and prudence of investments to be made may be discussed, bringing national and international experiences on the topic.
- Carlos W. Lebelein – Consultor LMDM
- Rui Cunha Marques – Instituto Superior Técnico – Portugal
- Marcel Sanches – Sabesp/ABES
- Coordenador e moderador: Marcel Sanches – Sabesp/ABES
Session 2.2 – How tariff structure can assure universal access to water and sanitation services (subsidies and social tariffs)
The world has great challenges in achieving universal access to water supply and basic sanitation infrastructures. Approximately 2.2 billion people in the world do not have safe managed water services. In Brazil there are about 40 million people without access to drinking water and more than 100 million people without access to sewage infrastructure. The vulnerability and low income of the populations of Latin America and the Caribbean associated with the existence of few studies on methods and knowledge to establish tariffs and prices related to water makes it difficult to discuss this issue. Without clear rules, the definition of tariffs can present asymmetries, increase the risk that the prices applied are more expensive or cheaper than would be possible, or even that targeted subsidies (such as social tariff and consumption limit) are inadequate. Thus, an instrument that has the potential to encourage universalization may generate distortions in the consumption ranges and aggravate the distance from access. The objective of the session is to discuss the possible tariff structures for the water and sewage sector that are viable from an economic and financial point of view and can contribute to achieve the SDG 6. There will be present alternatives of tariff structure and subsidies strategies for water supply and sewage services, considering the existing water service models (governmental, private, PPP). It will also analyze which would be the fair balance tariff structure to accelerate the development of water and sewage infrastructure and the role of the regulatory agencies to achieve SDG6.
- Alceu Galvão – ARCE
- Jaime Baptista – Lis-Water
- Catarina Albuquerque – Sanitation and Water for All
- Coordenador: Alexandre Godeiro Carlos – Ministério do Desenvolvimento Regional/SNS
Session 2.3 – Regulation mechanisms to face crisis due to water scarcity
In Brazil, there is a legal separation between the responsibilities for the management and regulation of water use and the provision of public sanitation services which includes water supply, sometimes related to different agencies as well as of different jurisdiction levels. Distinct Federal laws attempt to reconcile actions to preserve the quality and quantity of water resources in their allocation. The two legal rules establish the need for compatibility and integration between planning at the level of the river basin and the municipalities within it. What, in the legal and institutional plan would be well conceived and established may in fact be a challenge in the practice of the water resource management and the service provision of water supply. An example is the reduction of real losses. This is not a short-term action and it must be permanent. The analysis of the regulatory impact must precede any regulatory measure, to verify its scope and the result on the problem to be treated and to minimize possible negative consequences (or side effects), whatever the sector, and will lead to verified viability measures and recommendations, with adequate deadlines for compliance. The session intends to discuss these and other mechanisms, to be adopted by regulatory agencies, or proposed and employed by sanitation service providers, and that configure national and international best practices.
- Paula Kehoe – SFFWPS
- Jorge Werneck – ADASA
- Paulo Massato – Sabesp
- Coordenador e moderador: Helio Castro – ARSESP
Theme 3 – Efficient Management
Session 3.1 – Information Management and standardized procedures
The adoption of SDG 6 into the sustainable development agenda reflects the increased attention for water and sanitation issues in the global political agenda. Integral to the sustainable delivery of safely managed water and sanitation services is the adoption of standardized procedures for data acquisition and information management to improve operating efficiencies, recover operating costs and plan for capital investments. To date, different auditing programmes for purposes of transparency, sustainability, creditworthiness and regulation have been implemented across the globe. Examples of such programmes include; AquaRating – which has been implemented in more than 60 water and sanitation companies across the world and ACERTAR – which has been implemented in about 58 municipalities in Brazil. Other similar examples include the Blue and No Drop certification programmes for water services audits and the Green Drop certification programme for wastewater services implemented in South Africa. The key focus of this session is to share experiences (successes and challenges) on the implementation of such programs and how information management and improved processes can lead to better service quality and reliability. Furthermore, the session will provide insights on the required investments in capacity building and related institutional strengthening programs for improved utility performance and accountability.
- Corinne Cathala – Inter-American Development Bank
- Philip de Souza – Water and wastewater service audits in South Africa
- Samuel Alves Barbi Costa – ARSAE – Agência Reguladora de Serviços de Abastecimento de Água e de Esgotamento
- Coordenador: Nonhlanhla Kalebaila – Water Research Commission – South Africa
Session 3.2 – Digital Transformation
Digitally Transformation is more process and people-based than technological. Correctly identifying the challenges and informational needs of organisations in terms of environmental and economic aspects are essential to frame digital approaches. Based on this, the physical infrastructure, instrumentation & control systems ca be made fit for the digital transformation as well as the communication and analytics.
In this session European and Brazilian water utilities are going to present roadmaps to increase digital approaches and panellists will discuss how government can encourage utilities in their digital journey.
- Samuel Alves Barbi Costa -– ABAR – Brasilian Asociation of Regutaltors
- Angélique Goffin – SIAAP – Service Public de l’Assainissement Francilien
- Rogério Marques – Ministério do Desenvolvimento Regional
- Coordenador e moderador: Samuel Alves Barbi Costa – ARSAE- Agência Reguladora de Serviços de Abastecimento de Água e de Esgotamento Sanitário do Estado de Minas Gerais
Session 3.3 – Water Losses
Theme 4 – Expanding International Cooperation and Capacity Building
Session 4.1 – Future Technologies in water management: Digital Water and industry 4.0 – The opportunities and challenges in Developing Countries
Digital Water is the future and over the years utilities and water sector institutions have experimented and used parts of the digital world but have never fully embraced, invested, innovated and integrated digital water opportunities with Industry 4.0 to fully realise its enormous data, intelligence and service (customer/community) potential. Industry 4.0 offers a transformative opportunity for systems management, customer and/or community orientated service delivery and for the workforce through the use of robotics, automation, satellites, and blockchain integrating data using artifical intelligence, machine learning, technologies and apps increasingly connecting the biological, physical and digital worlds.
Research is proposing that value can be attached to water in all its states ranging from naturally occuring to wastewater. Machine drive trading or use of blockchain technology for water resources can open the use of water in both public and private sector to values of transparency, consistency and repeatability which could lead to increased investment due to bankability of infrastructure development, operations and maintenance. Resource protection and management through the use of data integration from multiple sources including non-traditional methods such as radar, satelites linked to smart control, sensors and platforms can provide precision hotspots and forecasting potential to regulators and users. Water service providers (water utilities) could transfrom into smart systems management for water supply, wastewater and sanitation, on-demand operations and maintenance, experiential based customer and community experience leading to improved payment for services, education on the go for skills development and finally, digital and Industry 4.0 could enable the circular economy through the smart integration of private sector technology and service delivery, with public sector regulation and community or customer demands.
This session will present some of the innovative technologies and services in the digital and Industry 4.0 space for water and sanitation.
- Coordenadores: Mamohloding Tlhagale e Valerie Naidoo – Water Research Commission – South Africa
Session 4.2 – Institutional policies for collaborative water governance: The path to enable S&T for policy advise and decision makers
Water solutions need a change of mindset, and institutions and governance need to provide the right environment for professionals to develop the necessary new skills. This session will explore the institutional, structural and governance needs to enable capacity building for S&T, policy makers and society to work together. It will highlight research gaps and opportunities, the business opportunities for the public and private sectors and the benefits to society in general.
The key questions proposed aims to establish a framework to discuss the necessary interface of universities, public polices makers in water sector and society to achieve a better performance. The improvement of water sector performance means water access for multiple use and sanitation services for a sustainable future.
- Coordenadores: José Vieira – University of Minho e Ana Silvia Pereira – UERJ – Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.
Session 4.3 – Education and training on water are not costs but investments
The lack of skilled professionals’ results in failures or deficiencies in design, management, operation and maintenance of water and sanitation infrastructure. This sector, in many regions of the world, mainly in developing countries, deals with low educational level professionals. Still, many people from other areas of expertise are unaware of the global water crisis and its catastrophic effects on humanity and the planet in the future. Thus, it is fundamental optimize investments in order not only of increasing professional skills based on specific and adequate training programs, but also to participate civil society in the management of sanitation and water resources, with compatible knowledge for this action. This session will present a discussion on the importance of education related of water and its components, at all levels of society and education from children and youth to the University (engineering and other areas of knowledge).
- Coordenadores: Ana Sílvia PEREIRA – UERJ – Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro e Maria Fernanda – ABES JPS
Theme 5 – Financing
Session 5.1 – Options and instruments for financing sustainable models and resilient systems in emerging economies
- Gustavo Saltiel – Banco Mundial
- Coordenadoras: Juliana Smiderle, Fernanda Jardim e Morganna Capodeferro – FGV CERI
- Moderadora: Joísa Dutra – FGV CERI
Session 5.2 – Methodologies applied to borrower’s ability to pay and access to resources
- Luis Andres – Banco Mundial
Session 5.3 – Partnerships and incentives to attract investments: contribution from the public and private sectors
- Coordenadora: Letícia Barbosa Pimentel – BNDES – Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social
- Moderadora: Luciana CAPANEMA – Ministério do Desenvolvimento Regional/SNS
Session 5.4 – Financing in Non Regular Areas and Effectiveness in Resource Allocation: How to Ensure Benefits for Society?
- Marcello Xavier Veiga – SABESP – Companhia de Saneamento Básico do Estado de São Paulo
- Cláudia Caixeta – CAGECE – Companhia de Água e Esgoto do Ceará
- Coordenadores: Luciana Capanema e Ernani Ciríaco Miranda – Ministério do Desenvolvimento Regional/SNS
- Moderador: Ernani Ciríaco Miranda – Ministério do Desenvolvimento Regional/SNS
Theme 6 – Monitoring and Reporting on SDG 6
Session 6.1 – Monitoring and Reporting on SDG6.1, 6.2 e SDG 6.3 – Water and Sanitation access
- Sergio Ayrimoraes – ANA – Agência Nacional de Águas
- Helena Alegre – LNEC – Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil – Portugal
- Coordenadora e moderadora: Adriana Leles – SANASA – Sociedade de Abastecimento de Água e Saneamento
Theme 7 – Communication, TI and Social Engagement
Session 7.1 – The communication challenge to involve people with water and environmental issues in the next 10 years
Journalism, marketing, advertising, corporate communication, telecommunications and social networks are crucial tools for involving societies around the world in discussions about the importance of water and preserving the environment, as well as about science and the valorization of knowledge, especially after the experiences lived by the world with the covid-19 pandemic.
Public authorities, NGOs, companies and organizations in general have a great challenge ahead: to intensify this dialogue to promote initiatives that enable the fulfillment of the 17 SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) established by the UN and better quality of life for the planet.
The discussion in this session will involve the quality of information and the commitment of the various players to promote communication in order to engage citizens around the world, with representatives from SIAAP, Global Compact, Trata Brasil, Sabesp and the mainstream media in Brazil, among others.
In this context, we will also discuss a major obstacle of our times: the fake news, which has not only being generating controversy in different parts of the planet, but also impacting the perception of societies on fundamental issues as well as local, national and global decisions.
Will we be able to work together to promote accessible and quality information and carry out initiatives that involve people so that we can transform homes, neighborhoods, cities and countries?
- Laurence Pellisson Demoulin – SIAAP/France
Carlo Pereira, diretor executivo da Rede Brasil Pacto Global – ONU
Edison Carlos, CEO – Trata Brasil
- Moderação: Dante Ragazzi Pauli – Coordenador da Câmara Temática de Comunicação da ABES
Theme 8 – Environment, Climate Change and Sustainability
Session 8.1 – Climate Change – Securing Water Future and Building the Resilience
Climate change is a complex cross-cutting issue with consequences that threaten the development and sustainability of modern day society. Climate change response and interventions require coordination that allow multi-sectoral and multi-level approach towards water security that effectively deal with the water stress expected from its impacts over the coming decades, including transboundary impacts. Considering water as a constraint and an opportunity to sustainable development under a changing climate, this session aims to mainstream climate change mitigation and adaptive strategies into water-related policy as well as developmental and adaptation needs, and integrating a cross sectoral capacity development.
- Babatunde Abiodun – Asoec. Professor Climatology/University of Cape Town
- Francois Engelbrecht – University of the Witwatersrand
- Coordenador e moderador: Brilliant Petja – Water Research Commission – South Africa
Session 8.2 – Water Safety – When Quality and Quantity have to be together
Sanitation in Brazil has been kicked to the curb during the last 40 years. This has caused a deficiency in water supply and particularly in water quality.
Regarding water supply, Brazil is still facing water scarcity in several regions and on the verge of a new national water crisis as faced in 2014 which can come up again in any moment when a dry season appears.
From the quality perspective, although few Water Treatment Plants have attended regulation (Portaria 2914) in many cases we can not state water is safe 100% of the time.
Decadent capabilities, lack of professional management, indulgency from poor surveillance and use of old outdated technologies to current water sources are leading Brazil to an extremely concerning health risk situation.
- Angela Di Bernardo – HIDROSAN
- Alexandra Faccioli – Public Ministry
- Everton de Oliveira – Associação Brasileira de Águas Subterrâneas
- Jamylle Grigoletto – Ministerio da Saúde
- Manoel Timbó (Ex Pan American Health Organization and Brazilian Senate )
- Coordenador e moderador: Renato Giani Ramos – Hydranautics Nitto Denko LA
Session 8.3 – From Wastewater to Resources: Circular approaches to sustainability of water utilities
By 2030, the total population in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) will be 718 million, with an urban concentration of 84 percent. The investment needs to meet SDGs for sanitation are between $3.4 and $11.8 billion per year for the period 2016–30. To improve the wastewater situation in the region, countries are indeed embarking on massive programs to collect and treat wastewater. The long-standing, linear approach of abstracting freshwater from a surface or groundwater source, treating it, using it, collecting it and disposing of it is not sustainable anymore. This session covers the results of a study on circular economy (waste to resource) carried out by the World Bank in LAC. The study demonstrates that wastewater reuse is not only feasible, but also sustainable.
- Diego Rodriguez – World Bank
- Gustavo Saltiel – World Bank
- Daniel Nolasco – NOLASCO & Assoc. S. A.
- Coordenador e moderador: Daniel A. Nolasco – NOLASCO & Assoc. S. A.
Session 8.4 – Extreme Events Management – (Droughts and Floods) under an uncertain climate
In general, countries expenses related to extreme events are more related to remediation than preparation and preparedness. Millions of dollars are lost every year because of droughts and thousands of lives are lost because of floods. It´s the common agreement that climate change is affecting intensity and occurrence of extreme events. This, added to factors related to changes on soil use and the increase of demand, is magnifying the effects of floods and droughts on economics and on the quality of life around the world. This session will review lessons learned, ongoing efforts and technology that could help on increasing preparedness for extreme events as a Climate Change adaptation strategy.
- Tania Gazcon – World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
- Alejandro Linayo – Center for Research for Integral Management of Risk (CIGIR)
- Coordenador e moderador: Mauro Nalesso – Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (IDB)
Plenary 3 – Climate change
Climate change tends to affect all water use sectors, placing professionals and institutions in the face of challenges related to new water availability conditions, including the trend of more frequent and intense extreme events.
The water and sanitation sector, even in a scenario without change, is already under pressure from increased demand due to population growth, human concentration in urban areas and the tendency of worsening quality conditions of the water sources. In a context of climate change, the sector must also be prepared to adapt to the potential impacts on the water availability and continue to supply human consumption and economic activities safely.
Making reference to the importance of the Agenda 2030 adopted by United Nations Member States, in special the Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6) – “Water and Sanitation for all”, this session aims to address the main impacts and challenges to the water and sanitation sector due to climate change scenarios and to discuss preparedness and adaptation measures that can increase the resilience of water supply systems in future scenarios.
- Sérgio Ayrimoraes – ANA – Agência Nacional de Águas
- Paula Kehoe – San Francisco Water Power Sewer (SF WPS)
- Denis Penouel – Syndicat interdépartemental pour l’assainissement de l’agglomération parisienne (SIAAP)
- Coordenadores: Sergio Ayrimoraes e Flávio Tröger – ANA – Agência Nacional de Águas
- Moderador: Gustavo MENDEZ – Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (IDB)